Animal Cloning Agreement
The main use of agricultural cloning is to produce breeding animals, not food. Clones allow farmers to improve the overall quality of their herds by providing more copies of the best animals in the herd. These animals are then used for conventional breeding, and the sexually bred offspring become the food-producing animals. These animals are not clones – they are like other sexually reproduced animals. Just as farmers would not use their best conventional breeding animals as a food source, it is equally unlikely that they will do so for clones. In the meantime, the FDA itself has begun to study the most comprehensive health of farm animal clones. The evaluation lasted more than five years. This study served as the basis for a risk assessment project to determine whether cloning posed a risk to animal health or to people consuming food from clones or their descendants. The FDA conducted a thorough search of the scientific literature on clones and identified hundreds of scientific journal articles that it then checked. The agency was also able to obtain health records and blood samples from almost all cattle clones produced in the United States and data from clones produced in other countries. The FDA compared these health records and independently analyzed blood results to similar samples of conventional animals of the same age and breed raised on the same farms.
The FDA received thousands of comments from the public in response to the proposed risk assessment. For the final version of the risk assessment, the FDA conducted a recent literature review, added additional information from hundreds of additional references, and made numerous changes to address some public comments. The idea was taken up in 2014 as part of the IBC`s work on the human genome. We can only speculate as to why the 2015 IGBC was more interested in banning human reproductive cloning than the 2008-2011 IGBC. The United States was no longer a member, but Germany and Brazil were still members (UNESCO, 2016c). Since the first therapeutic (or research) cloning of humans by somatic cell nucleus transfer in 2013 (Tachibana et al., 2013), human reproductive cloning has become a real possibility in the eyes of science fiction policymakers. Or the changes made to the decaliberal format at IBC and IGBC meetings, introduced in 2014, such as. B conceptual ratings prior to the meeting and prolonged discussions may have led to a broader consensus between the two Committees.
But despite this consensus, UNESCO has failed to begin the development of a treaty. In previous standard-setting efforts, an IBC working group implemented the first projects, but the 2016-2017 IBC work programme does not mention human cloning (UNESCO, 2016d). The Foreign Agricultural Service of the United States Mission to the European Union also provides an overview of the new Commission`s proposals on its animal cloning website. The Roslin Institute has a lot of information about the research that led to Dolly and Dolly`s scientific studies, as well as links to many other websites that provide useful information about the scientific and ethical aspects of this research. The report from the Expert Advisory Group on Therapeutic Cloning: Stem cell research: medical progress with responsibility is available from the UK Department of Health, PO Box 777, London SE1 6XH. For more information on therapeutic cloning and stem cell research, see the Medical Research Council.Interesting illustrated features for cloning have been published by Time, New Scientist….